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Pres practice – Presidents 35-44

The other day we were doing Presidents in practice and I wrote a few questions for the occasion.  People at practice found these were pretty tough; I followed a general trend of making 6’s so that you have to know a president in depth to answer, 4’s you have to know the major events, and 2’s obvious if you know the basics.

6 point clues:

Q1: During my presidency we passed the Defense of Marriage Act, defining marriage as a union between one man and one woman.  This act allowed states to not recognize gay marriages performed in other states.  I was criticized for this being an attempt to gain more votes for my upcoming election.

Q2: As president I pursued a foreign policy of detente with the Soviet Union, meaning a relaxing of tensions.  One of our methods of achieving my policy was by building a relationship with China’s new communist government.

Q3: I was sent on a diplomatic mission after my presidency to North Korea to meet Kim Il-Sung.  Being a strong advocate of peace, I exceeded my orders and proposed a treaty, much to the chagrin of the current president.

Q4: You could say I followed Thomas Jefferson’s doctrine of limited government.  In my first inaugural address I stated, “In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problems; government is the problem.”

Q5: My influential father was one of the most important leaders of my campaign.  He did a lot of work behind the scenes fundraising, strategizing, and securing support for my bid.  Because he had a controversial public reputation, his activeness in my campaign had to be downplayed.

Q6: I had a very dominant personality while president.  I would invite other heads of state to go skinny dipping with me so I could assert myself as the alpha male.  This attitude had helped me be successful while I was a whip in the Senate.

Q7: My goal was not originally to become president, it was to become Speaker of the House.  After World War II, I started towards accomplishing that goal by defeating the local party machinery to claim my seat in the house.

4 point clues:

Q1: During my first and second elections, I faced a strong third party candidate, Ross Perot.  He argued against the North American Free Trade Agreement and for budget deficit reduction.  At times during my presidency, the budget was balanced.

Q2: I had a meteoric rise to fame culminating with my election as Vice President.  I was best known for my involvement in the House Committee of Un-American Activities.

Q3: Lacking experience in Washington D.C., during my presidency i had difficulty getting legislation passed because of differences with my political party’s congressional leadership.  People say I’ve accomplished more after my presidency than during it.

Q4: I used to be a Democrat in my younger years, supporting FDR’s New Deal.  I once said, “I didn’t leave the Democratic Party.  The party left me.”

Q5: During my first year of office, a plan of my predecessor to overthrow the Cuban government was executed.  I would not allow American troops to be used in the effort.  The plan ended in complete failure.

Q6: During my presidency, the Gulf of Tonkin incident occurred.  It is unclear who fired first and there were no US causalities, but the incident was used to escalate US involvement in the region.

Q7: As the South Vietnamese government collapsed during my presidency, we conducted a large scale airlift in Saigon to save American still in the area and South Vietnamese refugees.

2 point clues:

Q1: There’s a strong possibility that I will become the first male presidential spouse in 2017.

Q2: I not only lost my first election to become president, but subsequently lost a race to become governor of California, my home state.

Q3: During the last year of my presidency, I was faced with the challenge of securing release of the 52 US citizens held hostage in Iran.  They were released the day of my successor’s inauguration.

Q4: As a younger man, I was president of the Screen Actor’s Guild.  Despite that experience, I had no sympathy for the striking air traffic controllers during my presidency; I fired over 10,000 of them.

Q5: I gave the vision of Americans landing on the moon which would be realized 6 years after my death.

Q6: As I signed the first major civil rights bill since the 1800s, I predicted the Solid South would soon turn from blue to red.

Q7: I was drafted by the Green Bay Packers, but decided to go to law school instead to pursue a more lucrative career.

Junior – Ling strategy

When it comes to LinguiSHTIK, there are a few strategic considerations that most people miss.

1) Never call a wild at the start of a shake: you are yielding the initiative and not gaining any strategic advantage with this move.  I would recommend only calling a wild if there are a couple of word demands already and you are stumped.

2) Don’t call the first word demand.  Most words can be narrowed down with three word demands.  If you call the first, the game can quickly get out of hand if the next two players restrict it to a word you don’t know.

3) Have a strategy in mind for what you’re going to call ahead of time.  Pick one of either pronoun, preposition, conjunction, or interjection and master it, because these are the word types with the fewest possibilities.  Pick a couple of clauses/phrases and function demands and call them each round.

 

Here are the demands from some Ling games I played today for you to practice with.

 

1)  Exclamatory, noun, retained OC, z req, double consonant, 5 letters, adjective phrase, elliptical clause functioning as an adjective modifier

 

2) Simple, noun, retained IO, adverb phrase, participial phrase

 

3) Declarative, pronoun, IO, demonstrative pronoun, k required

Junior – Explaining cycling and quickie K

Last practice we were discussing a problem that was pretty tricky, and pretty much impossible to solve without knowing this method.  The problem was (1/7)*54, 5 cubes with POB and K11 called.  Applying a formula you can solve this problem pretty quickly, but let me get into the reasons why you can use shortcuts cycling.

Say you have a problem b^x with k.  For the last number in your cycle, λyou are saying that b^λ= nk+1, or that when you divide by a certain multiple of k, you get a remainder of 1.  Say our actual problem is (5^33)/7 with K 11.  If we do 5^33 K7 and 5^33 K11, we get these cycles: 

K7

1 5
2 4
3 6
4 2
5 3
6 1

K11

1 5
2 3
3 4
4 9
5 1

 

So with k7, not only is 5^6=1, but 5^12, 5^18, etc.  So for each of these, 5^6n= k+1.  With k11, 5^5n= k+1.  The power of 5 where these both equal 1 is 30, so if 5^30= nk+1 for both k7 and k11, that means nk is divisible by 77 and we can subtract it out.  Thus λ=30, and we can solve for (5^3)/7.

 

If you do a problem like (5^44)/7 K7, the cycle length for k7 is 6 but 5^6 is only 7n+1, not 49n+1.  So what we have to do with this one is raise both sides to the 7th power, getting (5^6)^7=(7n+1)^7.  The left is just 5^42, and the right you can expand where you get 1+7n*7(the second 7 is from Pascal’s triangle) + 7n^2*21 +…. + 7n^7.  All of the terms except for the 1 are multiples of 7^2, so you can reduce it to 1 and you find λ=42, and we reduce the goal to 5^2/7.  If you do k=7^3, you would do it to the 49th power instead of the 7th, and your cycle length would be 6*7^2.

 

This is the basis of the formula for calculating λfor which you take the prime factorization of your effective k A^a * B^b *… and you take the lcm of (A^(a-1), B^(b-1), A-1, B-1,…)

 

It is important to note that this only works if your base and k are relatively prime.  For example if you take (8*40)/5 K10, you will never be able to cycle down to 1 because both the base and the multiple you subtract of 50 will both be even, thus you can only get even numbers.  In this case  the cycle length will be lcm(5,4) and you ignore the 2s, but the last number in your cycle will not be 1.  In this case it’s 26.

I hope this explains a little bit better how K works.  Here are some problems for you to practice:

(1/7)^5, k7, POB 5 cubes

(5^56)/9 K9 5 cubes

Junior – Quickie K revealed

Alright so we are playing Senior Eq and I call base 12 and k11, and set the goal (6^93)/root.  What if I told you that you could solve this in about 30 seconds?

To figure out the cycle length what you have to do is take the effective K, which is 121 in this instances, and prime factorize it, so you get 11^2.  To find the cycle length, you take the the lcm of the factors minus one and the power with the exponent reduced by one, so in this case (11-1) and (11^1), which is 110.  Making sure the k and base are relatively prime, you know your cycle length is 110.  Since the goal adjusted for base is 6^111 / 11, your answer should equal 6/11.

Example problem: 5^88/7 K7