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Cycling Practice

Cycling Practice

These problems are listed with ascending difficulty.

  1. 5^99 K7
  2. 3^87 K11
  3. 7^73 K9
  4. 5^(2^87) K7
  5. 3^(3^87) K11
  6. (3^99)/√ K11 B12
  7. (8^99)/7 K7
  8. (5^46)/7 K7
  9. (5^93)/7 K11
  10. (5^55)/9 K9
  11. (5^65)/7 K7
  12. (9^65)/7 K7
  13. (5^81)/√ K11 B12
  14. (7^46)/√ K11 B12
  15. (7^68)/√ K11 B12

Junior/Senior On-Sets Strategy

In high school On-Sets, a big opportunity to get an edge comes before the goal is even set.  The variations double set, required card, and forbidden card can all make it so that many potential goals would be impossible, giving your opponent an opportunity to make a mistake.  In certain situations, you can even make setting a goal impossible, requiring your opponent to know to call a “no goal.”

What is the best variation to call in each of these situations to make setting a goal more difficult for your opponent?

img_0204 img_0205 img_0206

Prop Question of the Day – January


January 20th: Section F

Advertisement from 1800 Presidential race:


Answer: 5, Leading Question

January 18th/19th: Section C/ Section F

Quote from 1980 presidential debate between Carter and Reagan:

Reagan: “Next Tuesday is Election Day.  Next Tuesday all of you will go to the polls, will stand there in the polling place and make a decision.  I think when you make that decision, it might be well if you would ask yourself, are you better off than you were four years ago?  Is it easier for you to go and buy things in the stores than it was four years ago?  Is there more or less unemployment in the country than there was four years ago?  Is America as respected throughout the world as it was?  Do you feel that our security is as safe, that we’re as strong as were four years ago?  And if you answer all of those questions yes, why then, I think your choice is very obvious as to whom you will vote for.  If you don’t agree, if you don’t think that this course that we’ve been on for the last four years is what you would like to see us follow for the next four, then I could suggest another choice that you have.”

Answers: 6, Reptition and 6, Complex Question

January 17th: Section C

Quotes from a 2008 presidential debate between McCain and Obama:

McCain: “The USA , Tom, is the greatest force for good, and we must do whatever we can to prevent genocide… That requires a cool hand at the tiller.  That requires a person who understands what the limits of our capability are.”

McCain’s closing argument: “And I’m asking the American people to give me another opportunity and I’ll rest on my record, but I’ll also tell you, when times are tough, we need a steady hand at the tiller and the great honor of my life was to always put my country first.”

Answer: 9, Sophistical Formula

January 16th: Section F

Quotes from 1980 presidential debate between Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan:

Carter: “Governor Reagan, as a matter of fact, began his political career campaigning around this nation against Medicare.  Now we have an opportunity to move towards national health insurance, with emphasis on the prevention of disease, an emphasis on outpatient care, not inpatient care, an emphasis on hospital cost containment, to hold down the cost of hospital care for those who are ill, an emphasis on catastrophic health insurance, so that if a family is threatened of being wiped out economically because of a very high medical bill, then the insurance would help pay for it.  These are the kind of elements of a national health insurance important to the American people.  Governor Reagan again, typically is against such a proposal.”

Reagan: “There you go again.”

Answer: 3, Ad Hominem

January 15th: Section C

Quote from rock-star Bruce Springsteen at 2012 Obama rally:

“I’m here today because I’m concerned about women’s rights.  I don’t have to tell you the danger to Roe vs. Wade under our opponents’ policies.  But I’m here today because I’m very concerned about the continuing disparity in wealth between our best-off citizens and our everyday citizens.  That’s a disparity that I believe our honorable opponent’s policies will only increase, and that threatens to divides us into two distinct and foreign nations.”

Answer: 5, Status

January 14th: Section B

Quotes from conversation on about the Democratic presidential nomination race:

Micah: All right, so let’s posit that the tightening of the race in Iowa and the nation is real and lasting.  Sanders leads in New Hampshire.  Is Sanders a real threat to win the nomination now?

Nate: Define real.

Micah: Real means >25% chance.

Nate: [No, I think it’s between 5-15%].

Answer: 0, No Technique

January 13th: Section A

Quote from basketball player Isiah Thomas: “Larry Bird is a very very good basketball player; I think he’s an exceptional talent. But… if he was black, he’d be just another good guy.”

Answer: 8, Tabloid Thinking

January 12th: Section F

Conversation from sports forum:

A: The Bulls need to trade Pau Gasol for a small forward.  Nikola Mirotic is not a small forward.

B: Do you know who Jimmy Butler is?

A: Jimmy is a shooting guard who can play as SF.  We need a true small forward so Jimmy can stay at shooting guard.

Answer: 9, Victory by Definition

January 11th: Section C

Answer: 4, Numbers

January 10th: Section B

When asked at a debate about his lack of political experience in the 1992 presidential debates, candidate Ross Perot replied, “I don’t have any experience in running up a $4 trillion debt. I don’t have any experience in gridlock government, where nobody takes responsibility for anything and everybody blames everybody else.”

Answer: 1, Emotional Terms

January 9th:  Section A

Answer: 8, Tabloid Thinking

January 8th:  Section F

Interview before the Super Bowl:

Deion Sanders: Does it bother you all the attention and they want you to talk when you really don’t?

Marshawn Lynch: I’m just here so I won’t get fined.

Deion Sanders: You’re still here because what?

Marshawn Lynch: So I won’t get fined.  I’m just here so I won’t get fined.

Answer: 1, Diversion

January 7th: Sections A & B: Visual example

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Answers: 3, Drawing the Line, 8 Shift of Meaning

January 6th: Section C

Jack: Now that we are at Universal Studios we have to go check out the Hulk.  It’s their sickest roller coaster.

Diane: I think i’m just going to check out Harry Potter World and not go on any of the rides.  I heard that on average there are 4.5 amusement park ride-related deaths per year, and I don’t want to be turned into a statistic.

Answer: 4, Numbers

January 5th: Section B

Quote from news article: “Ronald Crump got in an argument with one of the audience members at a campaign stop in Des Moines.  He was upset that racist language was being used.”

Answer: 7, Ambiguity

January 4th: Section A

Parent:  Your homework isn’t going to do itself.  Either you can do your homework tonight or I’m going to delete Candy Crush Saga from your Ipad for a week!

Answer: 3, Drawing the Line

January 3rd: Section F

I can’t believe you’re saying that you’re a better Equations player than me.  The only reason you beat me in the championship is I set a goal with an 8 when Base 8 was called.  In all of the other shakes I had a higher score.

Answer: 4, Appeal to Ignorance

January 2nd: Section C

It stinks that we showed up fifth for the Black Friday deals at Walmart and they only awarded the best deals to the first four in line.  Well every cloud has a silver lining.  Almost every year you hear about someone seriously injured trying to get those deals.

Answer: 9, Sophistical Formula

January 1st: Section B

There’s no way I’m voting for DN for president.  He uses a lot of tough rhetoric but his bark is worse than his bite.  I don’t want to see someone elected who’s going to slobber on everything in the Oval Office.

Answer: 2, Metaphor and Simile

Prop Question of the Day – December


Hey what’s up?  I am going to post prop questions here from this year’s sections to help everyone get ready for this year’s competitions.  Look for notifications on Twitter when a new question is posted.

December 31st: Section A

This Presidents clue could be about Thomas Jefferson or John Adams based on the fact that they were both on the Committee of Five.  Since I don’t know which one it is, I’ll just wait until the four point clue.

Answer: 0, No Technique

December 30th: Section F

Mother:  I can’t believe you want to go to the Justin Bieber concert; he makes the worst music in human history!

Son:  I know you grew up listening to Mozart perform live but I don’t think you could tell the difference between Justin Bieber and One Direction these days.

Answer: 3, Ad Hominem

December 29th: Section C

Sales representative at meat counter in grocery store:  “It sounds like you’re trying to decide between the rib-eye and sirloin steaks.  Our rib-eye cut looks especially juicy today, so I’m guessing it would be the more flavorful choice.  The sirloin is looking a little bit darker than usual which means that it will be a bit tougher, but it also is at a lower price.  Which do you want to go with?”

Answer: 0, No technique

December 28th: Section B

Graduation speech by McDonalds CEO: “Four score and seven lattes ago, I had the idea that everyone should be able to get coffee quickly and for an affordable price at McDonalds restaurants.”

Answer: 4, Quotation Out of Context

December 27th: Section A

President of the US: “The House Democrats want the budget for NASA to be $25 billion dollars in 2016, and the House Republicans want it to be $15 billion.  Unless we can reach a consensus, we will never be able to pass a budget bill.  I propose that we make NASA’s budget for 2016 $20 billion dollars.”

Answer: 0, No technique

December 26th: Section F

Question during Stanford interview of college applicant: “I see that you visited our campus last April.  What do you like about Stanford?”

Answer: 5, Leading Question

December 25th: Section C

Song lyrics from campaign to raise money for the 1984 famine in Ethiopia: “There won’t be snow in Africa this Christmastime… Do they know it’s Christmastime at all?  Feed the world; let them know it’s Christmastime.”

Answer: 7, Slogans

December 24th: Section C

Starbucks corporate memo sent to stores: Around 10% of our customers don’t celebrate Christmas; therefore, our store employees should say “Happy holidays” instead of “Merry Christmas.”

Answer: 0, No Technique

December 23rd: Section B

Quote from presidential candidate Bernie Sanders: “Do I consider myself part of the casino capitalist process by which so few have so much and so many have so little, by which Wall Street’s greed and recklessness wrecked this economy?  No, I don’t.  I believe in a society where all people do well, not just a handful of billionaires.”

Answer: 1, Emotional Terms

December 22nd: Section A

Conversation between two people at the gym: Bob: Alright we’re almost finished with our 30 minute run, let’s hit the showers.

Jillian: Hold on, let’s go an extra five minutes.  If we work out for a longer duration, the workout will have a greater impact on our fitness level.

Answer: 4, Not Drawing the Line

December 21st: Section F

Interview with CEO Martin Shkreli of Turing Pharmaceuticals after they raised the price of Daraprim from $13.50 to $750:

Interviewer: You’re in favor of free markets, I assume.

Shkreli: Sure.

Interviewer: Why do you think the drug was priced at $13.50 before.  Somebody thought that was the right price for this drug.

Shkreli: Yea, if you look at drugs like Sovaldi, for instance, Daraprim is less expensive than Sovaldi, despite the fact that it treats a disease that’s far more severe and far less common.  So if you think about free markets and fair price, it’s pretty clear that Daraprim was not priced appropriately.

Answer: 7, Inconsequent Argument

December 20th: Section C

Ad in Google store: The Soul Reader poker app on Google Glass will point out the smallest twitches that your opponent makes and help you determine if they’re tells.  When your opponent check-raises all-in on the river now you’ll be able to tell if they have the nuts or if they’re just plain nuts.  Your adversaries better bring their sunglasses.

Answer: 8, Technical Jargon

December 19thSection B

Ad: Vote for Kanye West; he puts the party back into Democratic Party.

Answer: 8, Shift of meaning

December 18th: Section A

Quote from presidential candidate Carly Fiorina at the December 15th Republican Party debate, regarding terrorist attacks: “We have a lot of argument about laws but none of it solves the problem.  Let’s examine what happened, why did we miss the Tsarnaev brothers?  Why did we miss the San Bernardino couple?  It wasn’t because we had stopped collecting metadata — it was because, I think, as someone who comes from the technology world, we were using the wrong algorithms.”

Answer: 9, Causal oversimplification

December 17th: Section F

In a press conference after the Detroit Pistons beat the Philadelphia 76’ers by 10 points, coach Stan Van Gundy answered questions:

Stan: I was very proud of how our starters played tonight.  Our starters did a great job putting more points on the board than the other team when they were on the floor.

Rod: So you weren’t happy with how your backups performed tonight?

Answer: 8, Attacking a straw man

December 16th: Section C

In a game of football, Ryan sat on the sidelines pouting while he was replaced by Brian, who led the team to victory.  Our corporate policy is that you always support your team, no matter what.  I don’t think we should hire Ryan for a management position at State Farm; he is too unlikely to be a team player at our firm.

Answer: 2, Manner

December 15th: Section B

Teacher: Please take out To Kill a Mockingbird.  Stu, I trust that you read To Kill a Mockingbird as you were supposed to over Winter Break.

Stu: Yes sir, I sure did.

Teacher: What character or characters is the title referring to?

Stu: I have no idea.

Teacher: I thought you said you read the book.

Stu: You told us to read “To Kill a Mockingbird” over break, and I did.  *Points at book cover* See, I just read it again!

Answer: 3, Emphasis

“Dark Horse” Analysis: President #14

In 2013 Katy Perry’s song “Dark Horse” tore up the Billboard charts reaching a peak of #1. You’ve probably heard this song on the top 40 radio, but what you might not have realized is that the song has many references to US presidents.  Some people claim that the song is about something Satanic, others say it’s an anti-drug song, and a small minority claim it’s just about a horse, but the evidence is clear.   Katy Perry’s song “Dark Horse” is actually about the fourteenth United States president, Franklin Pierce.  

Everybody who has learned anything about US history knows that a dark horse is a candidate for an office who is not the frontrunner.  Urban Dictionary’s #1 definition for this term reflects this common knowledge, and Perry being a California gurl is likely to recognize this fact.  The presidents recognized as dark horses by Wikipedia include Polk, Pierce, Lincoln, Hayes, Garfield, Harding, Carter, and Obama (Dark Horse. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved November 27, 2015, from  With this we have already narrowed down the song’s meaning to being about one of 8 United States presidents.

Next, we can turn to the chorus.  The climax of the song comes with the following lyrics:

Are you ready for, ready for
A perfect storm, perfect storm
Cause once you’re mine, once you’re mine
There’s no going back (Perry, Katy. “Dark Horse.”  Prism.  2013.  Spotify)  

The perfect storm is clearly talking about the conditions during the pre-Civil War era that would end up leading to all-out war.  During Polk’s term, the country had remained true to the Missouri Compromise, banning slavery north of the 36°30′ parallel excepting the state of Missouri.  It wasn’t until the following term of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore that lawmakers started to demand further compromises on the issue of slavery.  Thus, we can eliminate James K. Polk as a possibility.

The second part of the statement refers to the United States’ position that they would assert control over all of the states and not recognize secession as a valid legal act.  During Buchanan’s term, several of the states seceded, so it would not make sense to say that those states were “mine” from the perspective of Lincoln.  Thus we are left with Pierce through the process of elimination.

In the rap section of the song, Juicy J proclaims,  “That fairy tale ending with a knight in shining armor. She can be my sleeping beauty, I’m gon’ put her in a coma” (Perry, 2013).  This reflects Pierce’s attempts to put the issue of slavery to rest by promoting Stephen Douglas’ idea of popular sovereignty through the Kansas-Nebraska Act.  As we all know, the Kansas-Nebraska act ended in disaster as fighting raged between free-soil and slavery supporters, just like putting Sleeping Beauty in a coma ends in a disaster when the knight in shining armor saves the day (Disney, Walt (producer), & Geronimi, Clyde (director). 1959.  Sleeping Beauty [motion picture].  USA: Walt Disney Productions).  J through comparing Pierce to the soporific Maleficent, also suggests that he does not share Perry’s appreciation of the second half of the first half of American presidents.  Given J’s feelings about Pierce, I wouldn’t even want to hear what he would have to say about President Buchanan.

Perry calls to attention the southern sympathies that caused Pierce, who was from New Hampshire, to be regarded as a doughface, with these lyrics:

Mark my words
This love will make you levitate
Like a bird
Like a bird without a cage
But down to earth
If you choose to walk away, don’t walk away (Perry, 2013)

At face value, this verse reflects Pierce’s intent to reduce the legal burdens on slavery through a little presidential love, in an attempt to keep the South from seceding.  Fillmore, Pierce, and Buchanan all took this political strategy, perhaps because they believed that it would win them elections; however, it wasn’t without moral burden.  In her simile about a bird and a cage though, Perry calls to attention the irony of reducing burdens on slaveholders; in doing so, these presidents enabled them to cause greater burden to the people they regarded as their property.  It’s clear from this verse that although Perry appreciates Pierce enough to write a song dedicated to him, she doesn’t sympathize with his views regarding slavery.

It’s good to see pop superstars use their celebrity to promote the understanding of US history, no matter how subtle the references are.  Next time we will examine the Katy Perry song “Firework” and analyze its connection to the War of 1812.

High School – World Events practice

World Events is a game we currently only participate in with the high school team in Ann Arbor.  The game consists of questions from two parts: the yearly theme, this year the Civil War, and current events from the preceding calendar year (2015).  For half the game a student must wager 2,4, or 6 points based on their confidence in the topic announced for the next questions.  Here are some examples for you to test your skills:

Theme Round:

  1. Causes of the Civil War – In 1852, the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin was released, depicting the conditions of slavery in the South.  The book quickly became a best-seller and connected with many northerners not previously sympathetic to the abolitionist cause.  Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by which of the following authors?

A. Walt Whitman  B. Clara Barton  C. Harriet Beecher Stowe  D. Harper Lee

2. Famous people of the North and South – Andrew Johnson was the only senator from a southern state that seceded to remain loyal to the Union.  Which state did he represent in Congress?

A. Virginia  B. Tennessee  C. South Carolina  D. Arkansas

3. War Strategies – In 1861 General Winfield Scott proposed a plan to create a naval blockade of the Confederacy, to damage their economy.  The plan was given which of the following names?

A. Bear Hug  B. Choke-out  C. Stranglehold  D. Anaconda

4. Events and Battles – During the Civil War, the first ironclad ships saw combat.  What were the names of the first two ironclads to engage in combat with each other?

A. Glory and Galena  B. Monitor and Virginia  C. Stonewall and Montauk  D. Keokuk and Chicora

5. Events and Battles – The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory.  This battle was better known to Confederates as:

A. First Malassas  B. First Manassas  C. First Matassas  D. First Massassas

6. Catalysts of the Civil War – The Compromise of 1850 settled the beef between the North and South temporarily.  Which was not a part of the compromise?

A. The slave trade was banned in Washington, D.C.  B. Texas and California were admitted as states.  C. A new fugitive slave law was created  D. New Mexico was made a US territory.

7. Famous people of the North and South – Confederate president Jefferson Davis had been a representative and senator as well as serving in the executive branch during the Pierce administration.  In what post did he serve?

A. Secretary of State  B. Secretary of Homeland Security  C. Secretary of the Treasury  D. Secretary of War

8. Famous people of the North and South – At the beginning of the war, this general was given command of the Department of the West, but fired by president Lincoln after he freed slaves in his district.  He had been a presidential candidate in 1856.  Who was he?

A. Don Carlos Buell  B. John C. Fremont  C. George McClellan  D. William Tecumseh Sherman

9. Famous people of the North and South – Lincoln’s Secretary of State took great care to maintain peace with Great Britain after a US captain detained two Confederate diplomats on a British ship.  What was the name of the Secretary of State?

A. William H. Seward  B. Salmon P. Chase  C. Edward Bates  D. Edwin M. Stanton

10. End and aftermath of the Civil War – In 1865 the Constitution was amended to abolish slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime.  Which amendment was this?

A. 13th  B. 14th  C. 15th  D. 16th


Current Events round:

  1.  People in the news – In September 2015, high school student Ahmed Mohamed made the news for a clock he brought to school, which authorities confiscated, fearing it was a bomb.  What state did this happen in?

A. Texas  B. Florida  C. Ohio  D. New York

2.  Sports – In February 2015, a NFL rookie, Malcolm Butler, made the game-saving interception in the Super Bowl to clinch victory for his team.  Who did he play for?

A.  Indianapolis Colts B. New England Patriots  C. Seattle Seahawks  D. Green Bay Packers

3. Disasters – On August 12th, 2015, a massive explosion happened in China claiming 173 lives.  Which city did this occur in?

A. Chongqing  B. Guangzhou  C. Tianjin  D. Beijing

4. Entertainment – The 57th Grammy’s were awarded on February 8th, 2015.  What artist took home the award for Best New Artist?

A. Bastille  B. Haim  C. Iggy Izalea  D. Sam Smith

5. National news & politics – On June 26th, 2015, the Supreme Court released a decision guaranteeing same sex couples the right to marry.  What was the name of the court case?

A. King v. Burwell  B. Glossip v. Gross  C. Obergefell v. Hodges  D. Reed v. Town of Gilbert, AZ

6.  International news & politics – In April 2015, the United States announced plans to re-establish diplomatic relations with what country?

A. Iran  B. North Korea  C. Syria  D. Cuba

7. Science and Technology – In July 2015, a NASA spacecraft performed a close fly by of Pluto capturing many high-resolution photographs of the former planet..  What was the name of this spacecraft?

A. Cassini  B. Voyager  C. Explorer 5  D. New Horizons

8. Sports – In women’s tennis, this player won the Australian Open, the French Open, and Wimbledon but failed to win the US Open for the Grand Slam.  Who is this person?

A. Maria Sharapova  B. Caroline Wozniacki  C. Serena Williams  D. Flavia Pennetta


Good luck with World Events this year!

Junior – Backpedaling: reverse cycling

Hey what’s up?  So far this year we’ve talked a lot about cycling, which in my opinion is one of the strongest strategies in high school Equations because it’s repeatable and can create problems that are very difficult to solve using arithmetic.  This is an idea to take it up a notch if you are playing against someone really good who you anticipate will be able to solve a normal quickie K problem.

The general idea is you take a cycle with a large cycle length like (5^n)/7 K7, and you make n equal to a number a bit smaller than the cycle length.  Since the cycle length for this problem is the lcm of 6 and 7, a good n to choose would be 41.  Since you know (5^42)/7 k’s down to 1/7, that means when you multiply the answer for (5^41)/7 by 5, it will k down to 1/7; in other words 1/7+7n=(x*5)/7, where n is any whole number.  You can multiple both sides by 7 to get 1+49n=x*5.  The answer here is 10 because it satisfies that equation, thus your answer is 10/7.

A more complicated version involves using this method with the methods to determine a half cycle used in the previous posts.  An example would be (7^46)/root with K11 and base 12.  Since lambda equals the lcm of 10 and 11, your cycle length could be 110 or any factor of that.  If you calculate the cycle length of 7^n with K11, you can narrow down the possibilities to 10 and 110, but we will discount 10 because only rarely will that be a factor of 11^2. (the only example I’ve found so far is (3^n)/root with K11, where 3^10=121n+1).  If your cycle length is 110 then 7^55=-1.  Then you have to calculate a number that times 7 K’s down to -1 to find the answer (once you base 46 you get 54).


(5^40)/7, K7

(5^46)/root, K11, B12

(7^48)/root, k11, B12

Presidents – Taylor made for you

Student post

Hey! What’s up, guys? We decided to a blog post which explains the personality and personal experiences of some of the presidents. This helps with getting to know the presidents at a deeper level and can often be helpful for identifying them when given vague clues. Hope this helps 🙂

George Washington – His father died when he was 11 and this deeply affected the development of the Washington’s personality. He believed that one’s physical appearance should reflect their inner merit; he was tall and commanding which led him to develop grace and public humility. Washington also approved of self-mastery and patriotic virtue thus he often quoted Roman statesman Marcus Porcius Cato.Washington was also strongly motivated to take part in politics; however, he strategically hid this ambition. He also refused a salary for his public service, only accepting reimbursement for expenses from Congress.

John Adams – He was loving and compassionate, but did not understand how to deal with people, which made him appear aloof and arrogant to others. Adams coupled wealth and ownership of property with the right to govern America, which led him to join the Federalist Party. He was not skilled at oratory, but was a skilled diplomat. He was bitter throughout his political career because his vice presidency seemed insignificant and his presidency was plagued by controversy, but reclaimed the favor of the public post-presidency.

Thomas Jefferson – Jefferson had a commanding stature which showed strength and health. It is said that Jefferson was one to stick to his words; he never abandoned his principles, plans, or friends. For example, Jefferson never felt compelled to conform to the modern fashion trends. He dressed simply, neatly, and comfortably. He was also always in control of his temper. Jefferson is also known for his inventiveness and curiosity. He was a holder of several patents and devised models of the swivel chair, dumbwaiter, and pedometer. He also studied many languages. Jefferson also refrained from discussing his personal life. He was a skilled writer and inventor but not a outstanding orator.

James Madison – Madison was soft-spoken and shy; he struggled to be heard in large groups of people, but demonstrated his intelligence and persuasive abilities among small numbers of close friends. Madison was extremely short and was sickly in his childhood, which, coupled with his shyness, made him appear to be a weak leader. He was also indecisive, hesitating to proceed without thorough deliberation. He relied on his wife, Dolley, to make him appear favorable to the public. Madison opposed the formation of political factions, arguing for the separation of power into the three branches of government and the division of power between state and national governments. He favored a large and diverse democracy, believing that it would prevent the formation of factions.

James Monroe – James Monroe had generally good health and a large frame. He kept a net physical appearance but did not keep up with the latest fashion. Monroe is known for his warm personality which became one of his greatest assets as a politician. He was able to disarm and stun people with his kindness and courtesy. Monroe also did not take well to criticism and would often see an offense where one was not intended. However, rather than lashing out out at his critics, he would bottle up his feelings.

We gotta run. It’s our turn for the laundry. We must get the Washington.

Junior – On-Sets strategy

With On-sets people always say there isn’t a lot of strategy, which is true to some extent.  Here are a couple of strategies for you to gain an edge on the competition.


1: Cards: Blank, R, G, GR, GYB, GYBR, GYR, Y, YB.  Cubes: RRRRBBGYUU–SS=321

What variation could you call to create a nogoal situation?


2. Cards: R, G, GY, GYB, GYBR, GYR, Y, YB, YBR.  Cubes: BBBRRGGY IIIUSSV111

What variation could you call to make only one goal possible?

Junior – Adverb phrase vs. elliptical clause

I was reviewing the judge’s manual a bit and I found some interesting rules that you need to know.  First try these problems and then look at the judge’s manual or contact me to find the correct answers.


Underline prepositional phrases, put parentheses around elliptical clauses. Draw arrow to word the phrase/clause modifies.

1) I ran faster than whoever said, “Huzzah! I got a 93 on the math test.”
2) He moved slowly like a slug.
3) She runs enough for whoever said, “The faqir is cool.”

4) I ran near the man saying, “He kicked the ball.”
5) I ran between the man kicking the ball and the ball being kicked.
6) I ran near whoever kicked the ball.
7) I thought about saying, “The qaid is cool.”

8) Adverb or adjective phrase: I am under the bridge.